Ma Yun encountered a "tricky" question.
The title is from a 9th grade student in a rural middle school in Ningxia. He asked, "Can aliens marry people on Earth in the next 1,000 years?" Ma Yun answered: Surely not, because the earth people are humans, and the aliens are creatures. The two species are different.
The host teased me, and thanked the "alien" for the answer. This is a small scene at the Ma Yun Country Teacher Awards last night. The group of students who wrote down the questions are the children in this year's award-winning rural teacher class. They did not have the opportunity to come to the scene, but "courier" their curious questions to Sanya, Hainan. After that, the project team will feedback the answers of the entrepreneurs, celebrities and other guests to the teachers and children.
2019 Ma Yun Village Teacher Awards Ceremony (Photo / Guizhou Daily Contemporary Media)
2019 Ma Yun Rural Teacher Awards Ceremony (Photo / Guizhou Daily Contemporary Media)
This year is the fifth year of Ma Yun's Rural Education Program. As always, 100 award-winning rural teachers and 20 rural principals flew to Sanya, Hainan, from Tibet, Qinghai, Gansu and other parts of the country. Systematic training and financial support. In May this year, the 20 principals who won the award last year went to Israel to study.
The 5th Annual Meeting of Ma Yun's Rural Education Development
Different from previous sessions, this year's annual meeting for the first time set up a "rural principal leadership" round table forum. Ma Yun said that the principal is equivalent to the CEO of the enterprise, and the management level of the principal determines the development of teachers and students. There are many normal schools in China, but there are no principal schools. He called for more efforts to "help the principals."
Ma Yun attends the awards ceremony (Photo / Guizhou Daily Contemporary Media)
Ma Yun presents awards to award-winning teachers (Photo / Guizhou Daily Contemporary Media)
Guests such as Ma Yun took photos with the award-winning teachers in Guizhou (Photo / Guizhou Daily Contemporary Media)
After the youngest candidate this year is "00"
This year's winning teachers have a clear trend: young teachers have increased.
According to the official statistics of the Ma Yun Foundation, the average age of 100 award-winning teachers is 39 years old, the youngest is only 23 years old, with an average teaching age of 18 years; the 20 award-winning principals have an average age of 40 years, and have served as principals for 8 years on average. Among the 100 normal students selected, the average age is only 22 years old. One of them teaches in Medog County, the last highway, and one is "after 00".
Among the winning teachers, a post-90s teacher named Liu Yuan, who grew up in the city, spent 5 years in Sichuan mountain village. She likes to record VCRs for students, and getting along with them is like sisters and siblings. The village where Liu Yuan is located is so poor that she doesn't even have chopsticks to eat, so she can only fold a branch to serve as chopsticks. The children they face are Yi people, and Liu Yuan is Han people. At the beginning, the communication was very difficult.
Speaking of these sufferings, she took them lightly. Only when the director asked her if she felt the child could feel her love, she couldn't help getting her eyes wet. "It should be possible," she said modestly and shyly. "At least I'm stable and won't go. They don't have to be shy."
Young teachers will bet new blood and vitality for rural education, which is why the Ma Yun Public Welfare Foundation advocates for young people, especially normal students, to support rural education.
Poor counties are the main areas covered by Ma Yun's rural education programs. This year's applicants came from 735 of the country's 832 poor counties, with a coverage rate of nearly 90%.
Education development in poor counties is not optimistic. Ren Youqun, the director of the Department of Teacher Work of the Ministry of Education, provided a set of data at the Rural Leadership Leadership Forum on the afternoon of the 6th: In the state ’s deep poverty zone “three districts and three states”, the gap in teacher establishment at the basic education stage reached 68,400 Accounting for 18.9% of the teaching force; the living subsidy rate for rural teachers is not high, and the monthly per capita subsidy rate is 254 yuan, of which the southern Xinjiang four prefectures are only 174 yuan, which does not match the level of regional hardship; in addition, the number of special post teachers is limited. Only 13,100 people were recruited in the year.
Basic Situation of Teachers in Three Districts and Three Prefectures
Basic situation of rural teachers in basic education
How does the Ma Yun Charity Foundation use the power of the enterprise to support rural teachers?
Taking the "Village Teacher Program" as an example, 100 award-winning teachers will receive a total of 10 million yuan in cash funding and professional development support for three years. For example, the Foundation has established a community of nailing learning for rural teachers to share various teaching and training materials.
Ma Yun's Rural Principal Program has larger cash support and richer content. The 20 winning principals will receive 500,000 yuan each, of which 100,000 yuan will be used to help improve their personal lives; 100,000 yuan will be used for leadership improvement, including participating in international study tours, forming principals' classes, and forming a "rural educator" community To explore the development of rural schools; 300,000 yuan is used as a practical fund for the schools where the winning principals are located, helping them develop educational models and making rural schools more dynamic.
Affects over one million people in five years
Since its establishment on December 15, 2014, the Ma Yun Public Welfare Foundation has successively launched the "Ma Yun Rural Teacher Program", "Ma Yun Rural Principal Program", "Ma Yun Rural Normal Student Program", "Ma Yun Rural Boarding School Program", and "Ma Yun Rural Youth Palace Program". A number of public welfare projects have directly affected more than 80,000 teachers and principals, and more than 1 million students. Today, it is an important part of Alibaba's education to fight poverty.
In the past five years, Ma Yun's Rural Education Talent Plan has selected 500 award-winning teachers, 60 principals, and 200 normal students. 79% of the selected candidates are from national poverty-stricken counties, with a total of 312 poverty-stricken counties. The project selection process has lasted for more than 9 months, including application, preliminary screening, publicity, preliminary evaluation, visit, final evaluation, and re-visit.
In addition, Ma Yun's rural education program has also landed 9 rural boarding schools and 39 rural youth palaces.
Ma Yun's rural education plan has also promoted the personal development of teachers and principals. As of the end of 2019, 122 of the 540 award-winning teachers, selected principals and normal students in 2015-2018 have been promoted. For the class and school where the selected candidate is located, Ma Yun's Rural Education Talent Plan brings 248 projects with a total value of more than 43 million yuan.
For the Ma Yun Public Welfare Foundation, five years is an important turning point, and effect evaluation will become an important proposition.
Yu Xiuhong, Executive Secretary-General of the Ma Yun Public Welfare Foundation, told Wasabi Dui that the Ma Yun Foundation is currently conducting a five-year effect evaluation with Shaanxi Normal University to find out which intervention methods are effective and which are not effective, and based on this, a three-year teacher training system. In June of this year, the Foundation launched a project in Tibet, and will continue to promote it in many places where education resources are scarce. This is equivalent to using the benchmark to accumulate experience in the past five years. Landing, replication and promotion of experience.
Yu Xiuhong emphasized that for the "Ma Yun Rural Teachers Program" and "Ma Yun Rural Principals Program", the Foundation not only pays attention to the quantity, but also pays attention to the exemplary role of the benchmark.
Ma Yun: The principal must be an "entrepreneur"
This year is the first time that Ma Yun's annual conference on rural leadership has been held. At the forum, not only 20 award-winning rural principals talked about their confusion and challenges, but also 6 city principals and experts from teachers' colleges gave suggestions on these issues.
As the principal of Qinghai Boarding Primary School, Banma Dorje's biggest headache is how to make children fall in love with learning. Many parents in pastoral areas are not educated and cannot understand the meaning of reading. In addition, there is no education and training suitable for pastoral areas. There is too much difference in education between the plateau and the cities, and the "routines" in cities are not suitable for pastoral areas.
Ren Youqun suggested that a teacher development center could be built. In the "three districts and three states", we cooperate with local education administrative departments or teachers' colleges and universities to conduct teaching and research based on the actual conditions of local counties. Funds are provided for the funding. Ren Youqun also mentioned that policy adjustment requires wisdom, and the director of the county education bureau is also very critical. Perhaps a county magistrate support plan can also be established.
The confusion of the village principal Bao Rui from Hainan is how to improve the teacher's teaching and how to manage the team. Ma Yun said that the principal did face a lot of difficulties just like entrepreneurs. He joked that the principal of the north should know how to burn a boiler and heat it; the principal of the south should teach students to swim in a boat, and even change the students' habit of wearing slippers. But the principal is not a nanny, the principal must be an entrepreneur, CEO, and must have strong leadership.
Ma Yun said that he doesn't know finance, can't write programs, and almost completely doesn't understand the Internet, but his responsibility is to organize people who understand and become more interested in specific areas. By the same token, the principal's responsibility is to make teachers more interested in teaching and educating people.
Some principals also mentioned that the affairs to be handled were too complicated, and a large amount of time was spent on signing a day, becoming "signing principals". In response to this, Ma Yun said, "The more signatures, the more words will surround you." Ma Yun said that he didn't like replying to the email, and 100 responses were limited to three, each not exceeding three words. rewrite. When authorizing others to do things, he may do better than you. Teaching is the housekeeping skill of the principal, but it is not enough. The principal must have a holistic and future outlook.
Ma Yun finally said that the original intention of holding the forum was to hope that the principal felt that his work had dignity, had more confidence and sense of direction in his school, and could change the land of one party. "The foundation may not do much. I hope to explore a practical road with everyone." Ma Yun said.
Author: mustard heap fat dog