According to the Southern Metropolis Daily, the State Administration of Market Supervision recently announced the state supervision and random inspection of 51 kinds of products such as children's shoes in 2019: a random inspection of 90 batches of children's shoes produced by 90 enterprises in 4 provinces (cities), of which 15 batches of products were not Passed, the rate of unqualified discovery was 16.7%. Phthalates were detected in children's shoes products of many well-known brands such as Pull Back, Tutu, and Blue Cat.
List of unqualified products and companies under national supervision and random inspection of 51 kinds of products such as children's shoes in 2019
Children's shoes failed to qualify for 16.7%
4 companies failed in two consecutive spot checks
The General Administration of Market Supervision conducted a random inspection of 90 batches of children's shoes produced by 90 companies in 4 provinces (municipalities). (Lead, cadmium, arsenic), phthalates and other 21 items were tested.
Fifteen batches of products were unqualified, and the rate of unqualified discovery was 16.7%. Among them, 4 enterprises failed the spot checks twice in a row, namely Taizhou Xixilong Sports Goods Co., Ltd., Taizhou Feiying Footwear Co., Ltd., Zhejiang Pujiang Kabolong Footwear Co., Ltd., and Chenxingxia Village Wanxingda Shoes in Jinjiang City. Plastic Co., Ltd.
Phthalates detected in 9 batches
Excessive inhalation or precocious puberty in children
The unqualified items for children's shoes are related to phthalates, total heavy metals (arsenic, lead, cadmium), abrasion resistance of outsoles, and hardness of outsoles. Among 15 batches of unqualified children's shoes, 9 batches of products detected phthalates, accounting for 60%. Several well-known brands are on the list, including Shanghai Huili Footwear Co., Ltd., Weiteke (Fujian) Sporting Goods Co., Ltd., Fujian Tutu Children's Products Co., Ltd., and Blue Cat (Fujian) Footwear Co., Ltd.
It is understood that phthalate is a plasticizer that is often used in the rubber and plastic parts of children's uppers. Excessive intake of this chemical may affect male fertility, while women may increase the risk of breast cancer. Larger women's exposure or intake during childbirth can cause birth defects. Children's shoes are in close contact with children's skin, and children's excessive inhalation can cause precocious puberty.
5 batches of products exceed heavy metal
Weitek, Foot Friends and other brands are recruiting
In addition, the 5 batches of children's shoes products, the total heavy metal (arsenic, lead, cadmium) projects failed, respectively from Wenling Hengfeng Jingyou Special Shoes Factory, Weiteke (Fujian) Sporting Goods Co., Ltd., Jinjiang City Chenxia Village Wanxing Da Shoes Plastic Co., Ltd., Fujian Nan'an Bangdeng Footwear Co., Ltd., Fujian Foot-Friendly Sporting Goods Co., Ltd.
Experts in the industry said that children's shoes are daily products worn by children for a long time and come into close contact with the skin. If heavy metals exceed the standard, heavy metals may be absorbed into the body through the skin and accumulated in the liver, bones, kidneys, heart and brain, causing serious health hazards. In addition, children's resistance is lower than that of adults, and the use of toxic and hazardous substances in children's shoes materials that exceed the limit may cause harm to children. Especially infants and young children, curiosity will drive them to bite in their mouths no matter what, if there are toxic and harmful substances such as heavy metals that can be migrated on shoes, there is a risk of poisoning children.
What are phthalates?
What harm does it do?
Associate Professor Shi Jianghong from the School of Environment of Beijing Normal University, who has studied environmental hormones for more than ten years, told Southern Weekend reporters that phthalates are typical substances in endocrine disruptors. "These substances are in contact every day, especially ours children".
As a general term for organic compounds, phthalates are mainly used as plasticizers for plastics, which can enhance the plasticity and softness of plastics, so that plastics can be processed into thousands of novel patterns. In children's plastic toys, medical devices, cosmetics, pesticides, artificial leather and food packaging materials, there are phthalate shadows. At present, phthalates account for 86% of global plasticizer consumption.
However, the combination of phthalate and plastic is not a chemical bond, but a physical bond, so it can escape from plastic products over time. The monitoring research by Shi Jianghong and others showed that the development of the plastic industry and the large-scale use of plastic products have made phthalate esters generally exist in the atmosphere, water and soil environments, and have entered the human body and organisms.
Although it can make plastic soft, the other face of phthalates is an environmental hormone with an estrogen-like effect. Environmental hormones, also known as environmental hormones or endocrine disruptors, refer to a class of exogenous chemicals that interfere with the normal hormone function of the human body and may affect the reproductive functions, immune system and nervous system of various organisms including humans. At present, there are about 70 kinds of chemicals listed as "environmental hormones" in various countries in the world. More than forty of them are pesticides, of which 666, DDT, endosulfan, etc. have been banned.
Phthalates have been proven to be potentially harmful to animals. Shi Jianghong introduced that as early as 1982, the experimental report of the National Toxicology Program of the United States has confirmed that long-term absorption of phthalates by food in rats can cause liver cancer. A recent study suggests that phthalates may be linked to obesity and diabetes in American men.
As early as 1995, phthalates were published by the World Health Organization as endocrine disruptors, which are a type of environmental pollutants that cause harm to animal reproductive systems. Wu Yixiu said that many animal experiments at home and abroad have shown that exposure to a certain amount of phthalate can lead to testicular lesions and decreased sperm counts in animals.
Not only animals, but phthalates can also affect the human body. In 2005, a "Future Family Research Group" composed of scientists from the United States and Denmark, after observing 134 male infants, found that prenatal exposure to phthalates could affect male infants' genital development. In 2006, a Nordic study also confirmed that the decline in reproductive hormone levels in male infants is related to the levels of phthalates in their urine. Decreased hormone levels indicate testicular dysfunction.
How to buy children's shoes?
China has implemented the first mandatory footwear standard GB 30585-2014 "Children's Footwear Safety Standard" for children aged 14 and under, which has been implemented since January 1, 2016. The new standard emphasizes the safety and performance The safety of two limited substances not only requires strict requirements for small parts on shoes, but also mentions for the first time effective and high requirements, and also clearly specifies the odor of children's shoes.
The inspection and quarantine department recommends:
1. When buying children's shoes, it should be based on the principles of comfort, lightness and breathability, and the colors and patterns should be correspondingly lively;
2. You should not choose too large when buying children's shoes, otherwise it will affect walking and foot development. It is more appropriate to leave about 1 finger width;
3. When choosing shoes, try to choose a clean and refreshing upper without too many small accessories such as lace, beads, patches, zippers, etc., because infants and young children may be scratched by small accessories or put small accessories in the mouth;
4. Check the logo. According to the standard requirements, the logo should include the company name or trademark and contact information, Chinese shoe number, article number, product name, production date, three guarantees, quality level and other information;
5. When you look at the labels and materials carefully, you also need to smell the smell to ensure that there is no odor before you can buy it;
6. Finally, special attention should be paid to the effective heel height. According to the standard requirements, the effective heel height of children's shoes should not be greater than 25mm, so parents should not ignore the height of the heel because they look good.
Reporter: Chen Yangkai