On December 3, 2019, the first Forum for World Education (hereinafter referred to as "FWE") kicked off at the Paris OECD Conference Center. More than 300 global political and business leaders, education ministers, government policy makers, and well-known scholars from more than 10 countries and regions around the world participated in this forum and launched an ambitious and far-reaching dialogue on the future of global education.
Dr. Cheng Davis, co-founder of the World Education Forum, opened the forum with a passionate speech. She kindly likens the World Education Forum to a "15-month-old baby." "Education is a weapon of national development. It can be the culprit of war and the angel of peace," she said. In her speech, she mentioned that Victor Hugo, a French writer and humanitarian, is a true global citizen. His understanding and attitude towards the outside world is worth learning for all educators today: "Education is the citizen of the world The most effective way is a common mission for all here! "
Dr Cheng Davis, co-founder of World Education Forum
There is a gap between today's education system and the future global workforce. Old education models no longer meet the development needs of the digital age. As the world's first authoritative communication platform for global business leaders, education decision makers and scholars, World Education The mission of the forum is to promote global economic growth through educational innovation and help vulnerable groups gain opportunities and equity.
This forum is an invitation system, including Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands, Jack Ma, the founding chairman of Alibaba, Dhanin Chearavanont, the senior chairman of Thailand CP Group, and David · Chairman of Deloitte David Cruickshank, Wang Guangfa, Chairman of China Legal and Political Group, Olli Pekka Heinonen, former Minister of Education of Finland, and Hekia Parata, Minister of Education of New Zealand ), Maria Helena Guimar?es de Castro, Minister of Education of Brazil, Dr. Eric Hanushek, Stanford University, and Chen Yuncheng, former director of Singapore's National Institute of Education Dr. Oon Seng, Dr. Christoph Metzger, University of St. Gallen, Switzerland, Dr. A. Lin Goodwin, Dean of the School of Education, The University of Hong Kong, School of Education, University of Pennsylvania Leading guests including Dr. Pam Grossman, Richard Branson, Director of Virgin Group, and others.
World Education Forum site
PISA 2018 results announced, China ranks first in the world
At the forum, Secretary-General of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (hereinafter referred to as "OECD"), ángel Gurría, and the Director of the OECD Education and Skills Division, Andreas Shi Andreas Schleicher co-published the latest results of The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2018.
In a test of about 600,000 students from 79 countries and regions, some Chinese regional consortia consisting of Beijing, Shanghai, Jiangsu, and Zhejiang participated in the reading (555), mathematics (591), and science (590) tests. They are all far ahead, regaining the world's number one after 6 years.
PISA faces 15-year-old students around the world and conducts a test every three years. The survey assesses the level of key knowledge and skills necessary for students to participate in social and economic life. It has been held since the first time in 2000 and has been held to 7 rounds.
At present, PISA test has become the most internationally influential evaluation and monitoring project with its forward-looking evaluation concept, scientific method and advanced examination evaluation technology. OECD Secretary General ángel Gurría said the OECD's PISA report was written to "share evidence of best policies and practices and provide timely and targeted support to help countries provide access to all students Best education. "
Jack Ma's keynote speech: Respect for education means respect for the future
In the high-profile keynote session, Jack Ma, Chairman of the Board of Alibaba, and Princess Laurentien of the Netherlands, respectively, took the theme of "development, opportunities, and challenges" to elaborate on the reflection on the status quo of education and express their views on the future. Expectations of education.
Ma Yun said that our world is in an era of rapid change, and education innovation is imperative: "50% of today's occupations will disappear in the future. By that time, what kind of world will our children face, and what kind of life will we have? These are the issues we need to explore urgently, because our future is determined by education. "
Alibaba Chairman Ma Yun
Ma Yun said that everyone has the right to receive the best education, and personalized teaching is the essence of education. He believes that high-quality education resources should be tilted from higher education to preschool education, and teachers should have a more decent income, because respecting teachers in a country means respecting education and the future.
In the end, Ma Yun said emotionally: His first job was a teacher, and he hoped that his last job would be to reshape future education with the practitioners present.
Princess Laurentian "challenge" the current education model from the perspective of children. She mentioned that the biggest problem with education today is that teaching methods designed by adults are no longer suitable for today's society. We must acknowledge children's creativity and incorporate their opinions and ideas into the design of the education system, because "good educational methods can not only help children, but also adults."
It is worth mentioning that, as the young people who have the most say in today's education system, more than 20 future leaders from 17 countries gathered on the platform of the World Education Forum. They stepped onto the main stage of the conference with leaders including Thailand's CP Group Chairman Xie Guomin, Dean of the University of Pennsylvania Institute of Education Dr. Pam Grossman, and President of Shanghai New York University Yu Lizhong Together, discuss the opportunities and challenges faced in the academic and employment environment, and talk about the needs and expectations for educational innovation.
From left: CCTV host Tian Wei, Chinese youth leader Yang Fan, Thai CP Group senior chairman Xie Guomin, U.S. youth leader member Danny Bicker, Dean of the University of Pennsylvania Institute of Education Dr. Pam Grossman , UAE Youth Leader Mesa Memali, David Delok, Chairman of Deloitte UK
At the end of the event, Mr. Wang Guangfa, Chairman of the China Legal and Political Group and the founder of the World Education Forum, and Andreas Schleicher, Director of the Education and Skills Division of the OECD, spoke highly of the first time. The achievements of the World Education Forum, and put forward a beautiful vision and imagination on the innovative development of future world education.
The first World Education Forum was hosted by CCTV host Tian Wei and former British diplomat Tom Fletcher. As one of the world's highest-profile educational events, this event has received extensive support and attention from the global business community, the Ministry of Education, universities, research institutions and global media.
Over two days, the forum presented more than ten wonderful keynote speeches and high-quality round-table dialogues, which made positive contributions and effective explorations in designing education innovations that are suitable for social development in the next ten years and promoting global economic development.
The World Education Forum is a non-profit organization formally established in 2019.It is headquartered in Boston, USA, and has offices in many major cities around the world. It is the world's first authoritative communication platform dedicated to global business leaders, former and current educational decision makers, and world-renowned scholars. The core issues it explores include economic growth and prosperity, the quality of the country's workforce, employment prospects in a digital society, and opportunities and equity for vulnerable groups.
Call for the best treatment for teachers
Faced with hundreds of global educators, entrepreneurs and outstanding youth representatives, Ma Yun said that the starting point of today's discussion of education is what kind of person he wants his child to be. He emphasized the importance of teachers three times during the sharing and called for the best treatment of teachers.
Ma Yun proved the great value of the teacher with his own experience. "My English was taught by a math teacher. At that time there were not enough English teachers in China. She went to study ABC in the morning and taught us in the afternoon. But she told me, Ma Yun, your pronunciation is very good, and I am very encouraged. . A math teacher who learned English half a day earlier than me, she did not rely on knowledge but wisdom. "
Ma Yun said that we should support teachers and respect teachers, because respecting teachers means respecting education and the future. He used his experience in rural education in China as an example. "The best way to help rural students is to help rural teachers. Good teachers can help at least 200 students in their lifetime."
Jack Ma's other suggestion is to change the KPI of education. He said, "We need to change the KPI of education quickly. Don't always take exams. We need to change exams. If you think that exams are the only method and standard, I don't think education will go in the right direction."
Many high school students want to go to college, the only reason is that college is a guarantee of finding a job. Jack Ma's experience is: "University does not guarantee that you will definitely have a job. We recruit people not depending on whether you are Harvard, but whether you want to study. Those diplomas are just receipts for tuition fees. We need people who really think, Society is the real school. "
He also urged that education resources should be shifted from universities to basic education such as primary schools and kindergartens.
Having only been a teacher for 6 years, Ma Yunziqian is an "amateur player" in education. But he promised on the spot: "My first job is a teacher, and I hope my last job is education."
Poor Chinese football is a problem with education
Ma Yun spoke about the importance of teamwork at the meeting. Ma Yun said that if there is no net in the middle, such as football and basketball, the Chinese will not do it.
"Education should train our children to face danger, and how to deal with problems when they come. In the past, Chinese education is very special. We guard our children tightly."
"The Chinese football team is terrible, with 1.4 billion people unable to find the effect of 11 people to beat the hundreds of thousands of people in the Maldives.
"Our education went wrong. Parents did not allow us to ask challenging questions when we were young. When we encountered conflict, we chose to escape. Our football players brought the ball to the front court and ran away when they encountered the conflict. "
"People say that China has no rules, I think so. If there is a net in the middle, we can do well. If there is no net in the middle, we can do well, football and basketball will not work. If it is table tennis, we can OK. We will do a good job alone. The only child is the emperor in the family. If the child cannot learn to work in teams, how can China cooperate with other countries in the world? "
Educational resources should be tilted towards the grassroots
In the forum, Ma Yun said: "Today, 50% of occupations will disappear in the future. What kind of world will our children face and what kind of life will we have? These are the issues that we need to explore urgently because our The future is determined by education. "
The following is a record of his speech:
Hello everyone. I am honored to be invited today. Every time I discuss education I am inspired. There are indeed many things we need to do.
Now is the time for us to discuss the most important topic of education. The world is changing rapidly, and the most urgent thing today is education reform. Where today's education is going and what kind of people our children are going to be, this is what we have to think about together today. I am not a professional. I failed the exam many times and later entered Hangzhou Normal University, which was "four books" at the time, but in my opinion it was the best school in the world. I became a university teacher after graduation, when the teacher was the worst student.
Twenty years later, 50% of jobs may now disappear, and we have never heard of newly created jobs. What about our education? We have to worry about whether the next generation can have a job and live on. China had 15 million newborns last year, and China will depend on these 15 million in the next 50 years. What kind of education they have will also affect the world.
My English is taught by a math teacher. Because China was just beginning to offer English classes at that time, there were not enough English teachers at all. She goes to ABC in the morning, and teaches us in the afternoon. But she told me, Ma Yun, your pronunciation is very good, which makes me very encouraged.
My good subjects are the reason why the teacher is good. My chemistry teacher doesn't like me, so I have very poor chemistry. The teacher doesn't like me, so I can't do it well.
Judging from my grades, I am definitely not a good student. The teacher wrote it down on the blackboard. We must copy the test. I think this is wrong. But 20 years later, those classmates who did well at that time did not seem to have made much progress, and we ran faster.
I have been studying and never stopped. Society is the best university. Many people are learn to work, and we will work to learn in the future.
I also have no CEO experience. At first VC said you can't be CEO, but later I found out that I can use my experience as a teacher. I said I was Chief Education Officer. These are all I learned from being a teacher. Trust your students and empower them. All teachers want students to live well, not students. As long as your mind is good, students can feel it. As CEO in the company, I trust employees and help them.
Many people are working for education today, and we are trying to make education accessible to everyone. It's like food, everyone has it. Every child must have equal educational opportunities. Of course, what's more important is what kind of food and education you provide. Two things are important. First, everyone must have the opportunity, and second, everyone must have the right education.
I think that in the industrial age we are pursuing unity, in the AI era, everyone is different. IT is empowering itself, and DT is empowering others. True education equity is differentiation, allowing each child to get the best education for him, and making each child the best himself. I think the school should be a zoo, with all kinds of animals. Our company is the same. We don't want to be a farm. There should be diversity. We cannot give the KPIs for chickens to the lions.
In the industrial era, assembly lines produce standardized products. Education also produces standardized personnel on a large scale.
Animals have instincts, machines have intelligence, but humans have intelligence.
In the digital age, let's really seriously think about what is the difference between man and machine. If we are concerned that machines will replace humans, this is your problem. If everything is standardized, you will be replaced.
We call AI Alibaba Smart. We find that as long as there is logic, the machine is better, and without logic, it is better. Sometimes there is no logic in loving someone. But if you hate someone, there is logic, and the machine is even more powerful. We train the machine to catch bad guys. As long as there is logic, the machine is better.
In the digital age, standardized things will increasingly be replaced by machines. People do more creative and experienced work. Machines do not learn and change as humans do. We cannot be like the 20th century.
Education in the industrial age, 100 children use the same method.
Education in the digital age must have 120 methods for 100 children, because 20% of people may not follow the rules like me.
The industrial age turns people into machines, and the digital age turns machines into people. Education must change, schools must change, and classrooms must change.
In the past, teachers taught students input in the class; in the future, teachers studied with students.
In the past, teachers knew more than students; in the future, students may know more than teachers.
In the past, a class had 40 minutes, and a class of 40 students took seven lessons a day. I do n’t know how this standard came about, it may be the industrial age, so that society can train the most people with the least resources. In the digital age, we need to rethink our teaching model and content.
In the past, the classroom was the place to teach you the correct answers. In the future, most things may not have the correct answers. We have to find the answers together.
In the past, classes were in the classroom. In the future, the classroom may be in the real world. I ’m in Israel. Ask their education minister. Why are Israeli children so independent? He told me that children are going to study and survive in the wild and face danger. Education is not to ensure that children are not at risk. Education is to teach children how to face danger.
Education used to lock up children. How can you do this? China's national football is very poor, we can't choose 11 people from 1.4 billion people to beat the Maldives. This is a matter of culture and education. When we were young, our parents forbade us to ask questions. Fear when you encounter problems. Our football player ran away when he met his opponent. If the net is in the middle of the field, we're fine, otherwise it won't work. Basketball football is all about this. Table tennis is good. Single-player games are good because they are all single children and are "little emperors." We need to learn teamwork. If the child does not learn, how can China cooperate with other countries? It's all about education.
The world is different. It is impossible to keep children locked up and let them learn how to deal with future problems. We have to teach them how to survive and solve problems. There can be no conflict, but you have to be able to resolve it. These are educational challenges, and we must have experts and non-professionals like me involved. I don't like to hold meetings, only problems and no direction. We need to have a leadership direction and know how to do it. We can't complain, we must find a way.
As a non-professional, I also feel guilty that I have only taught for 6 years. Now that I have the resources, I am not the chairman of the Alibaba Board of Directors. I can invest in education and discuss with you. I have some immature suggestions.
First, education resources should be shifted from universities, graduate students, and doctorates to kindergartens, primary schools, and secondary schools.
It's too late to change college students. People start training in kindergartens and elementary schools. I find that many developing countries prefer to rank higher than universities. We should rank higher than kindergarten, elementary school, and middle school. Please put more resources forward.
The second point is important. We need to support teachers.
I fully agree with the OECD report. If you respect teachers, you respect education and the future. Education is the future. We must give teachers the highest recognition and the best treatment so that they will respect work and children. We all say education is important, but when it comes to money, it's not the same. Teachers are important. My foundation is doing rural education in China. There are 30 million rural students in China, and 3 million rural teachers a few years ago. There are now 2.7 million. We found that the best way to help rural students is to help rural teachers. Good teachers can help at least 200 students in their lifetime.
How can students be motivated if they cannot motivate teachers? We found that many rural teachers did not do it, and 60% of the reasons were because they did not like the principal. Because the principal has never been trained how to be the principal. This problem is very common. Some teachers have been working as principals for 10 years, but have no idea how to be a leader. The principal should be the leader of the village. So we pay attention to the principal. One principal supports 100 teachers and one teacher supports 200 students. Ministers of education should develop policies to empower principals and improve work. The principal empowers the teacher, and the teacher motivates the students. With the technological revolution, we should improve teaching performance. Knowledgeable people do not necessarily teach. Tyson doesn't necessarily teach boxing well either. Find someone who knows how to inspire others and provide education.
Thirdly, we need to change the KPI of education quickly. Don't always take exams and exams. We need to change exams. If you think that exams are the only method and standard, I don't think education will go in the right direction.
I asked Chinese high school students, what are your interests and goals? The answer was no, I just wanted to go to college, but I didn't know what to do. They think they can get a good job after getting a good college exam. My experience tells me that we still have to retrain most college graduates. The university does not guarantee that you will definitely have a job. We recruit people not depending on whether you are Harvard or MIT, but whether you are willing to learn to create. Those diplomas are just receipts for tuition. The real diploma is what you get in your struggle for your life, and you get proof when you are 70 or 80 years old. There are many doctors around us, can it bring about many changes? Not necessarily. We need people who really think. Society is a real school, and one must keep learning and have confidence in the future.
Fourth, our children must have 3 Qs.
Our education should not only let children love learning, but also teach them to learn to love. If you want to succeed, you must have EQ; if you don't want to fail quickly, you must have IQ. But if you want to be respected, you have to have LQ love business. LQ comes from the mind, not the brain. The brain can be replaced by a machine, but the mind will never, because a machine has a chip and a human has a mind. This is the source of wisdom and love.
In addition, all children should have a global perspective, a global perspective, and a future perspective. We are also building primary and middle schools in Hangzhou now, and I am very satisfied with the results. I hope that the children in elementary school will listen to 100 Eastern stories and 100 Western stories. I don't think the East and West can be separated. Can't wait to teach this in college.
Children should have a global perspective and have sufficient respect and knowledge of the world and other nations, cultures and countries. Everyone has to learn this. Our education now teaches us to be proud of ourselves and disrespectful of others. Someone criticized Chinese culture. I said that you have read Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism? I have read the Bible three times and respect your culture. You need to know others to criticize.
Have a holistic view and learn teamwork. So sports are important. Otherwise, I don't think Chinese football has any hope.
And the future. Now that we are too concerned about today's problems, we must think in the future. How to do it? Humans and machines will be similar in the future. Reading and math are important, but it is equally important that our children be more creative and constructive. This requires learning art. So singing, dancing, sports, and art are important. In my school, I ask my children to study art and sports after class. All children are like entrepreneurs, they have to solve problems and cooperate with others.
I think what kind of person you want to be and what kind of life you pursue in the future depends on education. The future of humanity will be like education. In the same way, education is like what people do. My first job was a teacher. I hope my last job is still in education. I hope that I can work with you to make changes in education.
thank you all.