Recently, the Ministry of Education released the Statistical Communiqué on the Development of National Education in 2018. In 2018, 5.5905 million students enrolled in secondary vocational education, a decrease of 253,800 or 4.36% over the previous year, accounting for 41.27% of the total enrollment in high school education. There were 15.5526 million students in secondary vocational education, a decrease of 372,300 or 2.34% over the previous year, accounting for 39.53% of the total number of students in high school.
In China, the scale (proportion) of secondary vocational enrollment and the scale (proportion) of students in schools have continued to decline in recent years. However, parents in many places have also complained that the local high admission rate is low. According to reports, this year's Maanshan parents in Anhui were dissatisfied with the increase in Pu Gao's admission score. They questioned that the number of Pu Gao's enrollment had been reduced. The city's Educational Admissions Examination Institute subsequently released ??百乐宫网上游戏?? that the four local schools each added 100 ordinary high school admissions programs. And reduce 30 points for the pitch. In fact, the local Pu Gao enrollment plan has not been reduced before, and the Pu Gao admission score rose because of the overall improvement in student test scores. This year, some parents in Shenzhen also questioned that the general public high admission rate was only over 40%. In fact, last year, the Shenzhen general high school admission rate reached 53% and the overall general high admission rate reached 74%. This year, the number of high school entrance examinations increased by about 8,000. The acceptance rate of public high schools will decrease, but the overall acceptance rate of general high schools will also reach 70%, but parents are still dissatisfied.
For secondary vocational education, China ’s basic strategy is to coordinate the development of Pu Gao and secondary vocational education. The enrollment ratio of the two is 1: 1. In recent years, as the number of school-age students has decreased, the scale of secondary vocational education has continued to decline. The proportion of high school enrollment has gradually decreased. Overall, secondary vocational education is shrinking. This has also become one of the problems in popularizing high school education in China.
The gross enrollment rate at the high school level in China has reached 88.8%, but in the eyes of many students and parents, it is not high school that goes to secondary vocational school. Regarding the goal of universal high school education proposed by our country, public opinion has repeatedly interpreted it as universal high school education or universal high school compulsory education. This interpretation is not to fail to understand that high school education includes general high school education and secondary vocational education. Schools are run as ordinary high schools.
This reflects the real dilemma of secondary vocational education. Although the state attaches great importance to secondary vocational education, implements a tuition exemption policy for secondary vocational education, establishes a national bursary for secondary vocational education, and national scholarships, parents still want their children to enter the general high school when they take the examination for their children, and they are not willing to enter secondary vocational education. After the local education department clearly stipulated that if they did not reach the Pu Gao line, they would not be allowed to study at Pu Gao (including borrowing) to ensure that after the enrollment of secondary vocational schools, parents not only put pressure on the local education department, questioned this policy, but also tried to find a way to the curve. Ordinary high schools, some institutions even provide parents with services that operate illegally. Some secondary vocational schools use Pu Gaohua as a selling point for admissions, telling parents and students that after entering secondary school, they still study Pu Gao courses to participate in ordinary college entrance examinations.
The predicament of secondary vocations stems from two aspects. One is that the status of vocational education is not high. Compared with general education, vocational education still has inferior status. Although China is working hard to eliminate discrimination against vocational education, the social "educational qualifications" The "complex" problem has not been alleviated, and there is an increasing trend. The second is that the quality of vocational schools is not high and lacks characteristics. In addition, many students lack the recognition of vocational education. Some parents worry that their children will not be able to learn skills when they attend secondary vocational schools. Therefore, under the situation that more and more secondary vocational graduates will enter higher vocational education, there are still many parents who want their children to enter the general high school, even if the future college entrance examination can only enter high vocational colleges, they are willing.
This requires thinking and adjusting strategies for developing secondary vocational education. The gross enrollment rate of higher education in China in 2019 will reach 50%, entering the era of higher education popularization. After entering the stage of universalization of higher education, society's demand for secondary vocational graduates will decrease. Moreover, this year China's higher vocational education has expanded by 1 million, and the previous restrictions on the promotion of secondary vocational graduates have been removed. This means that in the near future, most secondary vocational graduates will go on to higher vocational education. Cultivation is mainly to lay the foundation for higher vocational education. This depends on whether the foundation can really be laid and the impact of this practice on the overall education development.
The current school predicament of secondary vocational schools is actually very difficult to achieve the goal of training skilled personnel, but it will bring anxiety in basic education, including increasing academic pressure in the compulsory education stage of students, and worrying that the senior high school entrance examination will be stratified Level ") to secondary vocational education, and" low-level "schooling for secondary vocational education. For this reason, China must carefully analyze the advantages and disadvantages of the forced diversion of the senior high school entrance examination. We can consider canceling the integration of general education and developing high school education by building a comprehensive high school. That is, each high school is built as a comprehensive high school. Both academic courses and technical vocational courses are provided by the school. After graduating from high school, students choose academic or technical college entrance examinations based on their abilities and interests. Colleges or vocational colleges. Some people will worry that many students will choose academic courses instead of technical courses. This depends on the quality of technical courses and which universities and professional enrollment examine students' skills. After entering the popularization of higher education, most local undergraduate colleges in China will also carry out vocational education. They can also adopt skills-based college entrance examinations, instead of only higher vocational colleges who pass the skills-based college entrance examinations. In addition, some of the majors in the current 985 and 211 universities are also training application-oriented talents. Skill-based college entrance examinations can be adopted.