In the field of preschool teachers in which women are the "mainstream", male preschool teachers (hereinafter referred to as "male preschool teachers") can be described as "rare species".
According to the "Education Statistics for 2017" published by the Ministry of Education, there are more than 4.193 million kindergarten staff and about 2.432 million full-time teachers, of which women are about 3.863 million and 2.378 million, accounting for 92.1% and 97.8% of the total, respectively. . It is estimated that men account for less than 8% of the teaching staff in kindergartens, and the proportion of male teachers in full-time teachers is less than 3%.
As we all know, "male roles" are indispensable in the growth and education of young children. But the reality now is that due to multiple reasons such as the accelerated pace of life and fierce professional competition, "widowed childcare" has become the norm in many families, and the absence of fathers in family education has become increasingly serious. As male teachers who accompany young children growing up every day, their role in early childhood education is more and more prominent.
On March 29th, Zheng Yongjiang, a kindergarten teacher at Qintang Center, Jiande City, Zhejiang Province, was teaching a public health class "Fun Games".
Therefore, boys and girls' teachers have become the object of "onlookers" in the kindergarten, and they have also become the "treasure boys" in the kindergarten circle, which has spawned a "job fever" for boys and girls.
Questioned and "crowded"-known as the "Panda" in the kindergarten world
No less than the surprise of others when they saw a male kindergarten teacher in a kindergarten, Jiang Wei, a post-90s teacher from the central kindergarten in Fenkou Town, Chun'an County, Zhejiang Province, was also surprised by his “male kindergarten teacher” career.
After the college entrance examination six years ago, Jiang Wei stumbled to apply for the preschool education major of Hangzhou Vocational College of Science and Technology, "I thought I was engaged in educational research." Unexpectedly, when I went to the school for an interview, I walked into the examination room and looked at it-girls were full of eyes! "I was like Liu Xun entering the Grand View Garden at that time. I was very embarrassed. Why are all girls?" So Jiang Wei, who was restless among the girls, quickly found a corner, took out his mobile phone and searched for "preschool education". At this time, Then he responded, "Oh! It was a kindergarten teacher."
"However, how can there be a male teacher?" Jiang Wei wondered.
The interviewer was also wondering, could not help but ask him: "Classmate, did your volunteers help you fill it out?"
Later, Jiang Wei successfully became a 2013 pre-school student of Hangzhou Vocational College of Science and Technology. There are 47 people in his class, 3 of whom are named "Panda 1", "Panda 2" and "Panda 3" because of their "rareness".
Also as one of the only three boys in the class, after graduating, Zheng Wencong was first seen by the kindergarten principal of Hangtou Center, Jiande City, Zhejiang Province, and was hired to the kindergarten to take a big class. In fact, as early as a sophomore internship, Zheng Wencong had received an invitation to teach in a public kindergarten in Hangzhou. "It is said that it can help me with my household registration and accommodation. The treatment is good, because there is no male teacher in that kindergarten. The lessons are part-time teachers outside the school to take turns to give the children of each class. "
According to the reporter's understanding, this is also a model adopted by many kindergartens, that is, "rental" sports practitioners of off-campus health teams come to take physical education classes, leave the kindergarten after taking the designated physical education class, and then go to other kindergartens for classes ... This cycle. But there are also kindergartens in which Zheng Wencong is located. Before Zheng Wencong came, physical education was taught by female teachers.
As one of the only two kindergarten teachers in this kindergarten, Zheng Wencong's arrival quickly became the focus of kindergarten parents-"Why do you come to kindergarten", "Will you hit a child" "Can a male teacher take good care of a child" ... Curious and questioning quickly surrounded Zheng Wencong. "Everyone will come to see the male teacher with colored glasses." The boys and boys teachers also quickly formed their own "circle". Zheng Wencong introduced that there are about 30 boys and girls teachers in Jiande City. "Everyone tries to get together to play basketball and chat after school every Monday."
Wu Jingkun, a kindergarten teacher in Laixi City, Shandong Province, remembers that when she went to work in the kindergarten on the first day, "the children in the kindergarten will not be called my teacher, but they will be called 'Uncles'," and asked me,' Who are you? `` What are you doing here? '' Because they have never met a male teacher before. ”
Go to the classroom, go to the kitchen-become the "King of Kids" in the kindergarten
"Male preschool teacher is a kind of embarrassing occupation for men." Huang Longyu, the principal of the post-90s principal of Jinzhouwan Kindergarten in Jinzhou Town, Ningxiang City, Hunan Province, admitted that he hesitated and tangled when he started working as a preschool teacher. "When I first arrived, I was embarrassed to say that I was a boy teacher in front of my friends, but after I really fell in love with these children, I calmed down a lot."
From 7:30 to 8:00 in the morning, children enter the garden for breakfast. Huang Long puts on an apron, puts on a chef's hat, and distributes the prepared meals to the children, sometimes cooking in person.
On March 4, Dong Huaiyuan, a kindergarten teacher in Shengjing ??百乐宫网上游戏??land, Jinan, Shandong Province, was giving outdoor fitness classes to the kindergarten children.
Due to the lack of teaching aids and toys in rural kindergartens, Huang Longyu went up the mountain to chop bamboo to make toys for the children, and he danced bamboo poles, ferrules, and pots with students. He also loved to dance and created bamboo pole dance for students.
After lunch, most children took a lunch break, while Huang Longyu took care of the children who did not sleep at noon, and was busy preparing the small red flowers for the children. After the child got up, he had to comb the hair of the child in need— "This is a technical job!" Huang Longying remembered that when he first braided the children, the left and right braids were always asymmetric. But after many exercises, he can now say that he is more than capable.
"Parents always ask how their children are doing in kindergarten. I think if they answer with" very good ", parents will think that the teacher may not pay attention to my child's performance." Therefore, Huang Longyi also prepared a book every day. Carefully observe the performance of each child in the class, such as how many bowls of rice did you eat today? What did you do in the game? How do you feel ... and write them down, and give them back to the parents one by one when the children leave the garden, and communicate in the class group before they have time to respond.
Of course, the work of kindergarten teachers is far more than that. As Zheng Yongjiang, a kindergarten teacher at the Qintang Center in Jiande City, Zhejiang Province, said, "Maybe many people understand that kindergarten teachers are bringing children and taking care of them to eat and drink Lasa. In fact, as a kindergarten teacher, language, society, science, health, All five major areas of art must be learned, and the five major skills of singing, jumping, playing, painting, and speaking are also required. " In addition, you must master the "eighteen martial arts" such as carpentry, wood cutting, and painting. "Sometimes, for example, you can create a warm space for children. Online shopping is not necessarily good, and you can do it more yourself."
As a male preschool teacher, in addition to physical training, he has almost all the physical education classes in the park. In his second year of kindergarten, Zheng Wencong, a sunny guy, also gradually found his advantage as a male teacher, and gradually began to change from a class teacher to a full-time physical education teacher. This is also the growth of many male teacher. Development path.
"Eh! Hey--" As soon as Zheng Wencong blew his whistle, the children gathered together in a huff.
"Everyone, everyone!" The children began to line up consciously.
According to Zheng Wencong, this is one of the differences between his teaching method and the female teacher. He will use whistle and instructional words in class. "Generally speaking, female teachers are more gentle, and children are more procrastinating when organizing classes or activities, but as soon as I blow my whistle and give instructions, the children move very quickly. They feel like a little soldier. "
"Children of this age are very good at imitating. What actions, words, and attitudes you take are quickly learned." Zheng Wencong realized that he wanted to highlight masculinity and strength. " The general characteristics of "male characters", when playing, let the children go to play, wrestle, fight, Zheng Wencong will let them stand up and teach them to deal with conflicts in a male way. In his view, this is a A useful supplement to early childhood education surrounded by women.
Indeed, Zheng Wencong slowly discovered that the appearance of the male teacher was "not only a physical collision, but a deep chemical reaction"-the child's father preferred to come to kindergarten and would pull Zheng Wencong to discuss parenting issues; the child's My mother prefers to chat with him. Some people think that "the child's kindergarten is a lucky male teacher," and some say "his child was timid in the past, but now he is more lively and sunny."
From the original curiosity and unfamiliarity to the male teacher, the children quickly changed. Zheng Wencong said that as soon as he appeared, the child would immediately come up and "let me lift up"; the title of Wu Jingkun also gradually changed from "uncle" to "male teacher" and "teacher Wu", and became The current "Little Teacher Wu"; even after a lapse of about two years, Jiang Wei saw that the child he had with him still remembers himself, and at that moment, his eyes were wet.
"Father absent" phenomenon is serious-male preschool teacher becomes "Xiang"
Nowadays, the male teacher can be said to have become the "fragrant tea" in the kindergarten profession. The headmaster of Xuzhou Infant Teachers College, Cai Fei, told reporters that at the school's annual supply and demand meeting, male and child teachers are in short supply. The reporter found in interviews that male and young teachers rarely experience the trouble of seeking employment. Some have been "scheduled" before leaving the school, some have successfully applied for the first application, and some have often been recruited by other kindergartens. " Digging the wall "and so on.
On January 10, Zheng Wencong, a kindergarten teacher in Hangtou Center, Jiande City, Zhejiang Province, was performing a kindergarten large class health activity "Rope Climbing Fun."
According to Cai Fei, male and female kindergarten teachers have their own characteristics, and the "employment fever" of male kindergarten teachers is mainly because early childhood is the key period for personality formation. Early childhood contact with mature men can learn the more prominent masculinity of men. Perseverance, courage, responsibility, independence and other qualities are conducive to the formation of children's complete personality. However, due to the serious "absence of father" in many family education, male kindergarten teachers can replace part of the role of father to some extent, and provide corresponding support for children's complete personality development.
"Kindergartens have only had female teachers for a long time, because the division of labor between 'male outside, female inside' has led women to take more care of children while also having more care experience and skills. But men The joining of kindergarten teachers has created a new gender structure in the kindergarten, and the unique mobility and thinking characteristics of the boy and kindergarten teachers have also brought vitality to the kindergarten. "Said Ji Jinxia, associate dean of the Teachers College of Jinhua Vocational and Technical College.
However, Cai Fei regrets that the severe scarcity of male teachers in kindergartens at the moment has exacerbated the lack of "male roles" in the development of children's personality, affected the harmonious development of children's personality, and made the phenomenon of "boy crisis" common.
"The reason why male preschool teachers are scarce is that firstly, the preschool education industry is a traditional field of female employment; secondly, the preschool education industry generally has lower salaries, so few boys have joined." Cai Fei said that at present, many developed countries have begun to attach importance to kindergarten men. Teacher problems, men generally account for about 6% to 10% of kindergarten teachers. In his view, cultivating a large number of outstanding male kindergarten teachers can not only solve the serious imbalance in the gender structure of the kindergarten teacher team, but also have important strategic significance for promoting the formation of children's complete personality, the harmonious development of children's physical and mental health, and improving the future national quality. "
It is understood that five provinces in Jiangsu, Guangxi, Fujian, Hunan, and Sichuan are implementing or have implemented free training programs for male kindergarten teachers. Among them, Jiangsu Province implemented a free male kindergarten teacher training program from 2010 to 2016, enrolling 300 to 600 students each year. Xuzhou Preschool Teachers College, where Cai Fei is, is one of the first universities to undertake training tasks.
At present, among the three-year preschool education majors at the high school starting point of Xuzhou Infant Teachers College, boys account for about 6.5% to 8.5%; among the five-year preschool education majors at the beginning of junior high school, boys account for a large fluctuation, from grade 2014 to 2018. The grades were 40.28%, 42.36%, 15.49%, 6.09%, and 4.25%.
"It can be seen that after the termination of the free training program for male and young teachers and students in Jiangsu Province, the proportion of male students in preschool education has fallen sharply." Cai Fei said that in order to attract more male students to join the ranks of male and young teachers, an attractive admissions policy is needed. It is necessary to implement support measures such as the establishment, improvement of benefits, and broadening of the career development path of male and young teachers. (Text | Qingluban)