Building blocks, doll houses, cars ... There are basically children with plastic toys at home. If you accidentally purchase unqualified plastic toys, it may endanger the health of children. China has strict standards for toy safety, and market supervision departments often conduct spot checks to prevent unqualified products. Consumers should also improve discrimination when purchasing plastic toys: for products without warning signs, brand models and other related content, they should avoid buying.
Among a wide range of children's toys, plastic toys are a common category and are favored by parents and children. Plastic toys are in direct contact with the body of infants and young children. The environmental monitoring of plastic toys directly affects children's health.
Assortment of children's toys on the market
In the 2019 work plan for the safety of children and students' supplies issued by the State Administration of Market Supervision and Administration, children's toys must be tested for chemical hazards such as plasticizers and migratory elements that exceed the standard, and those that do not meet the mandatory standards Products and counterfeit products.
The hidden dangers of toy material safety cannot be ignored
Jiangsu Province ’s former Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision conducted a quality inspection of plastic toys and other children's toys in 2017. Of the 66 batches of plastic toys, 59 were qualified, with a pass rate of 89%. The number of phthalates in the inspection items increased. Plasticizer projects and transferable element projects are all qualified.
Last year, the State Administration of Supervision and Administration of the People ’s Republic of China announced the results of special spot checks on the quality of children ’s products for online transactions. The detection rate of unqualified products for children ’s roller skates and toy scooters was high, 47.5% and 45.7%, respectively. Among the main unqualified items of scooters, the phthalate plasticizer exceeded the standard.
The material safety of plastic toys cannot be ignored. Huang Ying, an associate professor at the School of Energy and Environment of Southeast University, said that the plastics that are not properly recycled will be deteriorated after reprocessing, and some manufacturers will spray paint on the surface; the "secondary materials" that are not standardized for recycling are raw materials for recycling and reprocessing After processing, its adhesive ability becomes poor. Individual businesses will use adhesives, which contain formaldehyde, which will affect the health of children.
Wang Zhen, director of the Light Industry Department of Xuzhou Quality and Technical Supervision Comprehensive Inspection and Testing Center, said that toys made from unqualified scraps have a bad smell and pungent; most inferior products will have a matte or rough surface. Happening.
When choosing a toy, safety is the most important consideration
Industry experts remind that safety is the most important consideration when choosing a toy, and parents should have some basic common sense.
"The identification and instructions are the product's ID card, and products without an ID card are unqualified." Wang Zhen told reporters that for those without warning signs, no brand models, no applicable age range marking, no implementation standards, no instructions for use Products should be avoided. When buying toys, you must go to a qualified formal mall and supermarket to choose products with good brands and guarantees. If shopping online, it's best to choose a reputable merchant.
Where is it easy to buy such a "three no products"? According to reports, it is often in schools, kindergartens, children's hospitals and other places where children are concentrated, crowds of people, or wholesale markets, mobile vendors in urban-rural junctions, door-to-door sales points, and so on. On the one hand, the buyers are mostly children or grandparents who pick up and drop off the children, and their recognition ability is weak; on the other hand, such products are often cheap and easy to accept. Don't buy low-quality toys that are especially cheap to save money.
In this regard, Huang Ying also said that at present China's national standards have strict regulations on migratable elements and plasticizers in materials and components. When buying toys that meet national standards from formal channels, safety is guaranteed.
So, when choosing a plastic toy, how can consumers tell which products have exceeded the plasticizer standard?
Huang Ying introduced that toys with the following characteristics should be vigilant: the first is poor color. High-quality plastic toys have a shiny appearance, while poorly colored toys usually use the "second material". Secondly, it is brittle, brittle, and has sharp corners. Third, the pungent smell. Be careful if plastic toys have a pungent odor. The toys may contain excessive phthalate plasticizers, which can be harmful to human health.
Start at the source and make the first pass
As the first person responsible for product quality, the company must implement the main responsibility and make the first pass. The reporter learned in the interview that most toy companies attach great importance to material safety and design safety, which directly affects their market survival.
"The purchase of raw materials requires about 1 million yuan each month, and the cost of testing each year also costs 1 million yuan. If the source cannot be grasped, the subsequent links cannot be controlled." Said Ding Zhengqi, the quality director of a toy product company in Jiangsu Taicang. Plastics Toys contain rubber particles, paint, toner, etc., which need to be tested for a series of toxic and harmful substances.
Quality Supervision Bureau strengthens special law enforcement inspection of children's toys
Ding Zhengqi said that the reason why he is so rigorous is related to his previous career experience. Many years ago, another toy manufacturer he worked for outsourced the injection molding process. The outsourcer chose second-hand materials in order to make it cheaper. As a result, the phthalate esters of the product parts were found to be excessive when receiving inspections. All the goods were scrapped, causing great losses to the company. After coming to the current company to take charge of quality control, he learned lessons, all links were not outsourced, established a standardized production system and detection system, and adopted "prevention of cross-contamination" and "implementation of physical interval division" to improve material safety .
The reporter learned from the Jiangsu Provincial Market Supervision Administration that children's toys are compulsory certification products, and toy companies must apply for certification and attach certificates to produce and sell them. Jiangsu Provincial Market Supervision and Administration Bureau organizes and conducts toy company post-certification supervision and product supervision random inspections every year, and strictly investigates and deals with illegal production and quality violations found to promote the improvement of children's toys.