Yesterday, the Internet and Education Forum of the Yuelu Summit was held in Changsha. At the meeting, Lei Chaozi, director of the Department of Science and Technology of the Ministry of Education, made a speech and summarized the current situation of education informatization. Lei Chaozi pointed out some problems existing in China's education informatization and education development. For example, some education practitioners have not made the requirements for talents in the fresh age, the teaching goals and methods have not kept up with the times, and they have not inspired the wisdom of students. And enlightenment is small, and teachers only care about issues such as mechanical transfer of knowledge.
He also suggested that as the age of artificial intelligence is approaching, there should be new requirements for the goals, methods of training talents, and teacher training. Strive to deeply integrate information and education, promote the reorganization of education structure, reengineering processes, and create new forms of education. "Maybe in the future, learners will come together to form a community, and young and old will be together, and each will take what he needs." Lei Chaozi said. He also hopes that from 2020 to 2030, China will continue to develop educational innovation and start training from elementary school so that Chinese people can continue to win Nobel Prize international awards in this decade and have a greater voice in the international community. .
Lei Chaozi, Director of Science and Technology Department, Ministry of Education
The following is a selection of Lei Zhaozi's speeches:
Dear Governor Wu Guiying, leaders, guests, ladies and gentlemen, good afternoon! I am very happy to gather in Changsha to participate in this Yuelu Summit. Intelligent network connection, Yu Si is flourishing. Today, the Internet has gradually penetrated into various industries and fields, and has also promoted the elites of all industries to go to this provincial capital.
In recent years, the Party Central Committee has attached great importance to education informatization, and its strategic position has been established. In 2014, Xi Jinping stressed at the first meeting of the Central Cyber Security and Informatization Group that there is no modernization without informatization. At the National Cyber Security and Informatization Working Conference held in April 2018, General Secretary Xi Jinping once again emphasized informatization Bringing a rare opportunity to the Chinese nation, Li Keqiang pointed out in this year ’s two-member government report that it is necessary to develop more equitable and higher-quality education, emphasizing the need to develop Internet + education and promote the sharing of high-quality resources. Today's informatization has been elevated to an unprecedented level, which is related to the success or failure of modernization. Education modernization is an important content of national modernization and an important support. Our promotion of education informatization is education modernization in the information age, not education modernization in the industrial age, not to mention education modernization in the farming era, so I want to emphasize that informationization, especially modernization, has an era background and era characteristics.
Review education informationization 1.0
Internet + education refers to the deep integration with education through the Internet and its derived technologies, promoting the restructuring of education structure, reengineering processes, and creating new formats for education. UNESCO has divided the education informatization process into four stages: initial stage, application stage, integration stage, and innovation stage. Education + Internet corresponds to the beginning and application stages, because two words are spoken in our society, one is education + Internet, and the other is Internet + education. The two have different meanings.
Education + Internet corresponds to the initial stage. Information technology has been started and applied. Internet + education is a stage of integration of application and innovation. Informatization will bring profound changes to education, and it is a long-term process. The Nineteenth National Congress of the Communist Party of China pointed out that socialism with Chinese characteristics has entered a major judgment in the new era. In the new era, education informatization is moving from 1.0 to 2.0, and we have completed the initial and popularization of education informatization 1.0. In April 2018, we formally released and launched the implementation of the Education Informatization 2.0 Action Plan as a specific measure of Internet + education, because everyone knows that the Prime Minister's two sessions last year and the Hunan delegation also repeatedly emphasized Internet + education. We are now promoting education informatization 2.0, which is a specific action plan to promote Internet + education. Therefore, we are the only province in Hunan where we are currently in education 2.0, and we are also exploring how Internet + education can transform current education. In July last year, Ningxia approved the construction of the Education 2.0 Demonstration Zone. We have both an overall implementation plan and pilot demonstrations. At present, it is to comprehensively deepen the application, promote integration and innovation, and realize the transformation and upgrading of education informationization development.
In the 1.0 stage, the goal of "three full, two high and one big" must be achieved. The three full is that the teaching application should cover all teachers, and the student application should cover all school-age students. Please note that we have two more students. The word is all school-age students, we must take into account the low-age students, the scientific application of information technology and teaching conditions.
The "two highs" is mainly to improve the level of information application, especially the level of application of teachers, to improve the information literacy of teachers and students, to internalize information literacy into the intrinsic quality of teachers and students, and to become a habit of thinking, behavior, and internalization in the information age. Yuxin and externalization are different. The two high levels are different. Improving the level of informationization is a means, but the quality of teachers and students is fundamental.
The "big one" is to establish a support platform for Internet + education. Internet + education is the forefront of China's education informatization, playing a leading role, and starting a new journey of education in the intelligent era.
Educational Information Technology 2.0-Deep Integration of Educational Technology
In February this year, the CPC Central Committee and State Council issued China's Education Modernization 2035, and proposed ten strategic tasks, the eighth of which is to accelerate education reform in the information age. This chapter is devoted to how education informationization can promote education reform. In recent years, we have been vigorously advocating educational reform and have achieved certain results, but we still need to add new impetus to the development and reform of our education towards 2035. Therefore, all of us educators and entrepreneurs should have a deep educational connotation in the new era, because I feel that everyone has an inaccurate grasp of the connotation of the new era of education and a weak sense of urgency.
1. Promote new development education concept.
General Secretary Xi Jinping's socialism with Chinese characteristics means that the time has passed for the Chinese nation to stand up, become rich, and become stronger. The country ’s demand for talent has changed dramatically. The talents cultivated in the era of becoming rich have provided a good support for the era of becoming rich. However, talents trained according to the method of becoming rich do not meet the needs of stronger talents, because we become rich by tracking imitation, and becoming strong by innovation. Lead.
In the era of prosperity, we have achieved great success in education, and made great contributions to national development and national rejuvenation. Through education, we have cultivated a large number of high-quality labor forces, which has enabled our country to catch up with the second largest GDP in the world in just a few decades. It can be said that education has contributed.
But entering a new era and an era of strength, there is an urgent need for the country to train a large number of new talents. The new era is at a historical confluence period with the information age, so we are now two eras, an era of strength and an information age. This requires talent training to resonate with the information society of the new era at the same frequency, not only to ensure the scale of education, but also to promote the individual development of students, have a creative spirit of collaboration, an international perspective, can be a social power.
Our past training of talents was inadequate innovation.
In the past, we mainly played the role of follower and imitator on the world stage, pushing us forward through the strong demand of the market and the huge dividends brought by human resources. In the new era, we must gradually walk into the center of the world stage, we cannot just follow others, we can no longer follow and imitate, but we need to be innovative and take the initiative to go ahead and become explorers and guides in no-man's land.
The essence of educational modernization is the modernization of people, and the important thing is the modernization of educational thoughts and educational concepts, but our educational concepts and educational thoughts are not yet in place. At present, many of our comrades have not fully realized what kind of talents we should cultivate to meet the requirements of the new era. Therefore, in the process of advancing Internet + education, the first emphasis is to give full play to its role in promoting educational ideas and changes in educational ideas, to promote the deepening of educational ideas, and to make the educational front, especially the majority of principals and teachers, emancipate the mind and get rid of exam The repetition of education and the need for talents in the new era require the support of society and parents.
2. Develop Internet + education and promote the reform and innovation of talent training models.
The needs of the times are the internal motivation. Internet + education provides the key means and method support for changing models.
In the past, we were mainly teachers + blackboard + chalk. We mainly rely on the body model and "actor" expressions. The means of expression are limited. Subject to the "actor" performance level, the transmission of information and feelings is greatly restricted. After entering the information age, each teaching has to become a blockbuster, let more acoustic and optical technologies enter the classroom, so that every child can interact with knowledge, and let every piece of knowledge be accompanied by a beating of thought, then it is not Relying solely on teacher language and thinking expressions.
Now each of our schools is connected to the Internet and equipped with multimedia facilities for each teacher. In recent years, it has been promoted rapidly and achieved rapid spread. 96.7% of schools in the country have entered the Internet. This does not include teaching sites. 92% of schools have multimedia classrooms, the number of which reaches 43,300, and most schools have full Internet coverage. Some complex knowledge and concepts are rather obscure, and the teaching content that is difficult to express in language is completely verbal. The blackboard + chalk is difficult to explain, and it consumes a lot of energy and time of the teacher. At this time, the information-based teaching should be vivid and intuitive. Advantage, in the past we only had Xiaomi + rifle, there will be artillery in the future, and there will be missiles in the future.
Therefore, informatization should turn the simple stage dramas in the past into 3D blockbusters, including increasing students' interest in learning, thereby improving their learning initiative. When you have fun, you can have a sense of accomplishment, learn happily, and improve teaching results. In this way, our children can get a truly comprehensive and interested development, so this logic change is in line with the laws of education, and information-based teaching has great potential to be tapped.
By the way, let me talk about the problem of myopia. If our students have more time to contact the outdoors, the myopia rate will be greatly reduced. Myopia is that we use too much eyes, some computers are not powered, and the children over there are also shortsighted. The second one is unhealthy with eyes, and it also includes knowledge and time. For example, high-intensity, watching something for a long time is definitely bad for eyesight. Our experts have shown that to give children more natural light stimulation, our informatization teaching must contribute to this aspect, freeing teachers and parents, and giving our children more time for extracurricular activities.
At present, in many of our schools, the knowledge of informatization is still at the stage of using PPT for lectures. PPT is a slide. Although the slides are much more advanced than the earlier slides, they are still slides in essence. The teaching method is still indoctrination, which leads to students being passive, prone to weariness, and heavy learning burdens, which ultimately leads to learning And physical fitness have not been well developed. The situation in this area is not optimistic. It requires the joint efforts of teachers at all levels and departments to truly promote the change of classroom models and completely change our teaching methods. Our teaching methods are now similar from elementary school to university. Without the promotion of new technologies such as artificial intelligence, our support on means will face great difficulties.
3. Develop Internet + education and promote more equitable and quality education.
Our country has a large population and a vast area. The imbalance in education development between different regions and between urban and rural areas is highlighted, and education equity faces great challenges.
Through the development of Internet + education, especially the advantages of convenient and economical transmission through the Internet, we strive to eliminate urban-rural gaps and inter-school gaps. Quality education resources include not only education resources, but also teacher resources. In poor and remote areas, the economic development of local schools Reasons such as lagging behind, outside the Internet, and even facing the scene of inability to start classes.
After several years, it has gradually spread throughout the country. According to incomplete statistics, 24,000 schools across the country have opened online schools. Taking Anhui Province as an example, 1360 lecture classes have been established in batches, with a total of 539.9 lessons. There are more than 330,000 students, and more than two courses are opened for each student, which is equivalent to adding 2800 teachers , and has made great contributions to solving the shortage of teachers. We not only emphasize balance, but also improve the quality of high-quality teaching so that more schools in poor areas can offer English courses, art courses, music lessons, etc., and let teachers in weak areas learn how teachers in developed areas take classes. The training of teachers in these areas is very good. If we can improve the education level of local teachers through education informatization, we can fundamentally solve the problem of imbalance in quality education and truly achieve fair education. Therefore, education informatization can play a more important role. Role.
Artificial intelligence is promising in future education
In 2017, the State Council issued a plan for the development of artificial intelligence in the new era, which clarified the three-step goal and put forward the requirements for intelligent education. In order to implement the deployment of the Party Central Committee and State Council, the Ministry of Education issued a plan for advanced innovation in artificial intelligence in colleges and universities in 2018, which has been deployed in various aspects such as artificial intelligence subject research, discipline construction, and talent training, hoping to further enhance the innovative ability of universities. Talent training ability and ability to serve economic and social development.
At the same time, in response to the impact of artificial intelligence on educational forms and formats, the Ministry of Education in the 2.0 plan explicitly proposed to build a networked, digital, intelligent, personalized, lifelong machine education system. Into. In the implementation of the eight major actions, education + innovation actions have been deployed to develop learning as an intelligent teaching knowledge environment, promote the application of artificial intelligence in teaching and management, and use intelligent technology to accelerate the innovation of talent training models and education. Reform of teaching methods, exploring the construction and application of a new and flexible environment for education and teaching . We are reviewing the command and education demonstration area in the past two days. This is to deal with. This is a more forward-looking plan. Our eight major actions in 2.0 are guaranteed and lead. Command education is to lead the future. We are applying for the creation of a command in Changsha. Education demonstration area.
The development of artificial intelligence will inevitably lead to profound changes in education, which will have a profound impact on education, schools and teachers.
At present, in accordance with the requirements of the Party Group of the Ministry of Education, we organize experts to carry out research on strategic topics in intelligent education. Researching and formulating Chinese characteristics centered on the development of the intelligent era, changes in talent training goals and changes in education and teaching models, as well as changes in learning environments and teacher roles. The socialist ideological and intelligent development plan is already being considered by the Ministry of Education, and we are carrying out this work.
To formulate an intelligent development plan for education in China, from the current situation, we believe that artificial intelligence may promote education innovation and change in the following three aspects:
The first is the integration of artificial intelligence and education, which will change the existing talent training goals.
As an important driving force for a new round of industrial reform, artificial intelligence will further release the important forces of previous industrial revolutions and industrial changes, thereby changing the traditional employment structure and the requirements of labor forces in various industries, and educating and training what kind of people will become a major challenge. When machines learn to think, we should plan ahead for future capabilities. In the future, some business formats will change, some occupations will disappear, and new industry needs may greatly increase the demand for human innovation.
The biggest problem we have now is that the talents we have cultivated are not enough to innovate and it is difficult to support a modern and powerful country.
It is proposed in 2019 that it will enter the innovative country by 2020 and will enter the innovative country next year. In 2030, it will rank among the top of innovative countries, and in 2050, it will become an innovative country. Among them, the ability to win a continuous Nobel Prize is an important sign, including the Turing Prize. Most of the 30 Nobel Prizes for 50 years proposed by Japan in 2001 have been realized. Of these, 18 Nobel are all undergraduate education received in Japan, 16 have been to the doctoral level in China, not the returnees we are pursuing at home, overseas higher education, and 16 are complete Japanese higher education. Our innovation from 0 to 1 is very good, and there is a lot of innovation from 1 to N. It is among the top of innovative countries by 2030, and it is very important whether there is major innovation by 2030. We national leaders are very anxious. We will enter the forefront of innovative nations in 2030. If you can't produce awards like Nobel every year, we are hardly justified in the international community.
Second , the integration of artificial intelligence and education will change the current talent training model.
Yesterday, we were still working together with the Ministry of Science and Technology in the Ministry to organize research and deployment of colleges from 0 to 1. We must be soberly aware that without changing the current talent training model, it is difficult for us to achieve the 0 to 1 goal. Innovation must start from the elementary school. From the beginning, it was too late to go to college.
The development of artificial intelligence will change the existing teaching environment, integrating online and offline, and a highly intelligent education environment will be more popular, enabling more precise and patient intelligent guidance. I talked about being more patient here, and artificial intelligence is definitely more patient. In addition, it will provide more diverse teaching modes and implementation modes, realize the transformation from knowledge transfer to knowledge construction, and provide support for complex learning.
With the development of artificial intelligence in the next step, our school running form may change a lot, and we must have some forward-looking considerations. At the same time, the learning experience and intelligent services will generate customized learning solutions for each student. Maybe we will not have classes in the future, and we may become a community.
The third is to challenge existing teachers.
The main function of teachers in traditional schools now is to impart knowledge, which reflects that there is a certain lag in our educational philosophy compared with developed countries abroad, and it has even regressed compared to the Confucius era. This is my personal opinion, and everyone criticizes.
We should not be left behind compared with developed countries. I feel that we are all behind compared with the time of Confucius. Many comrades have heard some allusions about the Confucius era, how teachers and students teach lessons, how to learn, how you see students asking questions, and how teachers answer questions, which is difficult for our current teachers.
Therefore, enlightenment wisdom is particularly weak. We now talk about wisdom education in China. Many of our experts can't explain the connotation and characteristics. Many experts have said a lot, but did not make it clear that wisdom education is to enlighten children's great wisdom, not great wisdom. China's little wisdom does not need to teach. This era of teachers who will focus on teaching will be replaced by artificial intelligence. In the era of artificial intelligence, the role of teachers will fundamentally change, and they will shift to more humane care. Teachers will pay more attention to ability training and quality development.
The development of artificial intelligence will further blur the boundary between human society and physical space and information space, thus generating a series of complex ethical and legal security issues. We must attach great importance to the security challenges brought by artificial intelligence, further clarify the concepts and norms, focus on social value guidance, strengthen forward-looking and restraint, ensure information security, and ensure the safe and controllable development of artificial intelligence.
Ladies and gentlemen, future education is web-based education, and it is a more open education that is rapidly developing in globalization and informatization. It pays more attention to the individual and diversity of students, and a more humanistic education. Children can enjoy high-quality education resources, and more equal education is education that emphasizes learning ability and lifelong education. To achieve such education, we must profoundly understand the revolutionary impact of information technology on education, and we must profoundly change the education system structured under the traditional industrial society framework, build a networked, intelligent, and digital lifelong education system, and build a universal education system for everyone. Learning, learning everywhere, information society that can learn from time to time. We must further establish the information concept, adapt to the needs of talent training in the information age and the new era, adjust the positioning, plan the informatization problem from a global perspective, grasp the key points, continue to promote the deep integration of education and information, deeply consider the core role of people, and strengthen institutional protection. To ensure that all elements of informatization are strengthened.
Education is the great plan of the party and the great plan of the country. We must better adapt to the call of the times and the requirements of the times. We hope that my colleagues in the education system and friends from all walks of life who are concerned about education will work together to support and lead the modernization of education and make a great rejuvenation for the Chinese nation Greater contribution.